K53 – Additional Legislation To Know

be-preparedYou may find that some additional legislation from the South African National Road Traffic Act is being included in some of the questions in the computerised Learner’s Licence test. This is contrary to the requirements of the test as specified in the Act. I therefore consider such questions to be illegal and invalid. (See separate pages about that.)

In my view, if anyone fails the test because of such questions having been ‘illegally’ asked, the candidate or his/her representative should have every right to dispute their test scores and demand an adjustment to the score.

Representations have been made to various parties to cause the Department of Transport to reverse this illegal tendency and to comply with the Act in regard to the syllabus for the Learner’s Licence test. In the meantime, until all non-syllabus questions have been removed from the test, it might help candidates to know much of the information included on this Web page.

The Regulations below, taken directly from the National Road Traffic Act, do not cover all of the legislation for driving a motor vehicle on a public road. They are extracts from the legislation that refer to some of the questions people have complained about on this site’s Facebook page.

 

Report any non-syllabus questions

If you get asked any other questions you believe are not covered in publicly available study material for the test, please feel free to mention such questions on our Facebook page. If deemed appropriate, the related legislation will be added to this page in the interests of all candidates wishing to sit for their Learner’s Licence test.

K53 – Additional legislation

 

Contents

(or simply scroll down to read all)

Engine covering

Exhaust pipes and silencers

Lamps and lighting times

Lamps for number plates

Motorcycle handlebars

Overhang of vehicles

Retro-reflectors – Red

Retro-reflectors – White

Retro-reflectors – Yellow

Turning radius and wheelbase  

170. Number plate lamps

(1) No person shall operate on a public road a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, unless it is fitted with at least one number-plate lamp at the rear, illuminating the number plate or identification card by means of a white light which shall make every letter and figure of such plate or card plainly distinguishable from a distance of at least 20 metres by a person of normal eyesight: Provided that a number plate lamp need not be kept lighted on a motor vehicle parked on a public road.

(2) The beam of light of a number-plate lamp shall not be directed to the rear.

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157. Vehicles to be equipped with certain lamps and times when certain lamps to be lighted

(1) No person shall operate on a public road a motor vehicle unless—

(a) all lamps fitted to a motor vehicle as contemplated in regulations 159 to 184, are undamaged, properly secured, and capable of being lighted at all times; and

(b) the head lamps, rear lamps and number plate lamps are kept lighted during the period between sunset and sunrise and at any other time when, due to insufficient light or unfavourable weather conditions, persons and vehicles upon the public road are not clearly discernible at a distance of 150 metres: Provided that the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to a motor vehicle parked off the roadway of a public road or in a parking place demarcated by appropriate road traffic signs or within a distance of 12 metres from a lighted street lamp illuminating the public road on which such vehicle is parked.

(2) No person shall operate on a public road a motor cycle, a motor cycle with a side car, a motor tricycle or motor quadrucycle, unless the headlamp of such vehicle is lighted at all times: Provided that the provisions of this subregulation shall not apply to a motor cycle, motor cycle with side car, motor tricycle or motor quadrucycle manufactured before 31 December 1960 which is used only during the period from sunrise to sunset.

(3) A person operating a motor vehicle on a public road shall extinguish the main-beam of the light emitted by the head lamp of such vehicle if such main-beam could cause a dangerous glare to oncoming traffic.

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186. White retro-reflectors to be fitted on front of certain vehicles

(1) No person shall operate on a public road—

(a) a trailer;

(b) rickshaw; or

(c) animal-drawn vehicle,

unless there are fitted, on the front of such vehicle at the same height, two white retro-reflectors, one on each side of the longitudinal centre-line thereof and equidistant therefrom and otherwise complying with the provisions of these regulations.

(2) A white retro-reflector—

(a) may be fitted to a motor vehicle, other than a trailer, in the manner contemplated in subregulation (1) and such retro-reflector shall be so placed that the portion of its reflective surface furthest from the longitudinal centre-line of the vehicle is not further than 400 millimetres from the outer edge of the widest portion of the vehicle; and

(b) if fitted to any vehicle not provided for in paragraph (a), shall be so placed that the portion of its reflective surface furthest from the longitudinal centre-line of the vehicle is not further than 150 millimetres from the outer edge of the widest portion of the vehicle.

(3) No person shall operate a pedal cycle on a public road unless there is fitted on the front of such cycle a white retro-reflector complying with the provisions of 192.

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187. Red retro-reflectors to be fitted on rear of certain vehicles

(1) No person shall operate on a public road—

(a) a motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle without side-car or motor tricycle with one wheel at the rear;

(b) rickshaw; or

(c) animal-drawn vehicle,

unless there are fitted on the rear of such vehicle at the same height two red retro-reflectors, one on each side, of the longitudinal centre-line thereof and equidistant therefrom and otherwise complying with the provisions of these regulations: Provided that in the case of a combination of motor vehicles, both the drawing vehicle and the rearmost vehicle shall be fitted with such retro-reflectors.

(2) Each retro-reflector referred to in subregulation (1) shall be so placed that the portion of its reflective surface furthest from the longitudinal centre-line of the vehicle is not further than 400 millimetres from the outer edge of the widest part of the vehicle.

(3) No person shall operate any motor cycle without side-car or motor tricycle with one wheel at the rear on a public road unless there is fitted on the rear of such vehicle a red retro-reflector complying with the provisions of these regulations.

(4) No person shall operate a pedal cycle on a public road unless there is fitted on the rear of such cycle a red retro-reflector complying with the provisions of 192.

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188. Yellow retro-reflectors to be fitted on sides of certain motor vehicles

No person shall operate on a public road a motor vehicle or a combination of motor vehicles, if the overall length of such vehicle or combination of vehicles exceeds seven metres, unless there is fitted, on each side of such vehicle, or on each side of every motor vehicle in such combination of vehicles, as the case may be—

(a) one yellow retro-reflector—

(i) within three metres of the front of such vehicle or combination of vehicles; (ii) within one metre of the back of such vehicle or combination of vehicles; and (iii) in the case of a combination of motor vehicles, of which a trailer, other than a semi-trailer, forms a part, within three metres of the front of the trailer; and

(b) so many additional yellow retro-reflectors as may be necessary to ensure that no two successive yellow retro-reflectors on any side are more than three comma six metres apart, complying with the provisions of regulations 189 and 192: Provided that—

(i) yellow retro-reflectors need not be fitted to a bus or minibus which is not a school bus, including such a bus or minibus which forms part of a combination of motor vehicles;

(iA) yellow retro-reflectors need not be fitted to motor vehicles fitted with retro-reflective material on the sides as prescribed in regulation 192A;

(ii) in the case of a combination of motor vehicles where the drawing vehicle is a motor car, yellow retro-reflector need not be fitted to such drawing vehicle; and

(iii) in the case of a combination of motor vehicles where the drawing vehicle is a motor car, bus or minibus, which is not a school bus, the front of such combination shall, subject to the provisions of paragraph (i), be deemed to be the front of the vehicle immediately following such drawing vehicle.

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206. Engine of motor vehicle to be covered

No person shall operate on a public road a motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle or other cycle, unless the engine thereof is so covered as not to be a source of danger.

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200. Steering gear: motorcycle handlebars

(3) No person shall operate on a public road a motor cycle—

(a) unless the handlebars thereof are symmetrically placed in relation to the longitudinal centre-line of the cycle;

(b) unless the distance between the outside edges of the handlebars is at least 600 millimetres in respect of a motor cycle with an engine with a cylinder capacity of 200 cubic centimetres or more and at least 500 millimetres in respect of all other motor cycles; or

(c) of which the outer ends of the handgrips on the handlebars are—

(i) higher than 500 millimetres above the seat height; or

(ii) lower than the seat height, and more than 800 millimetres apart.

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209. Exhaust silencers and exhaust pipes

No person shall operate on a public road a motor vehicle—

(a) unless an efficient exhaust silencer or muffling device is affixed thereto in such a manner that the exhaust gas from the engine is projected through such silencer or muffling device, which shall be so constructed as to reduce and muffle in an effective manner the sound produced by such exhaust;

(b) if any mechanism or device is attached thereto enabling the exhaust gas from the engine of such motor vehicle to be projected otherwise than through the silencer or muffling device referred to in paragraph (a);

(c) if the exhaust gas or smoke from the engine is so dense as to cause a nuisance to, or obstruct the vision of other road users;

(d) if the exhaust pipe or silencer thereof is in such a position that oil or other flammable liquid or material can drip or fall onto it, or is not in efficient working order, or is so placed and maintained that exhaust gas or smoke leaks into the driving cab or passenger compartment of the vehicle; and

(e) which, when tested, exceeds the limits prescribed in code of practice SABS 0181 “The Measurement of Noise Emitted by Road Vehicles when Stationary”.

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225. Turning radius and wheelbase

No person shall operate on a public road a vehicle—

(a) the maximum turning radius of which exceeds 13,1 metres: Provided that in the case of a bus-train and a twin steer 4 axle rigid goods vehicle, the turning radius exceeds 17,5 metres; and

(b) the wheelbase of which exceeds, in the case of—

(i) a semi-trailer, 10 metres;

(ii) a bus-train, 8,5 metres, measured from the from the centre of the front axle to the centre of the middle axle or axle unit; or

(iii) any other vehicle, eight and a half metres.

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226. Overhang of vehicle

(1) No person shall operate on a public road—

(a) a semi-trailer, the front overhang of which exceeds one comma eight metres; or

(b) a vehicle, other than a semi-trailer or a trailer with one axle or one axle unit, the front overhang of which exceeds—

(i) 60 percent of the wheelbase;

(ii) six comma two metres in the case of a vehicle having the front surface of the back rest of the driving seat at seat level not more than one comma seven metres from the front end of the vehicle when such seat, if adjustable, is in the rearmost position, less half the wheelbase: Provided that the wheel-base of a bus-train shall be the distance measured from the centre of the front axle to the centre of the middle axle; or

(iii) five comma eight metres in the case of any other vehicle, less half the wheelbase.

(2) No person shall operate on a public road—

(a) a vehicle designed or adapted for use in connection with street cleaning or the disposal of refuse or sewage, or any vehicle referred to in regulations 220, 230 or 249, or any bus, or motor home the rear overhang of which exceeds 70 percent of its wheel base;

(b) a trailer, other than a semi-trailer, which is equipped with—

(i) one axle;

(ii) one axle unit; or

(iii) two axles, the distance between the centre-lines of which is less than one comma two metres, if the rear overhang exceeds 50 percent of the length of the body of such trailer; or

(c) any vehicle, not referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), the rear overhang of which exceeds 60 percent of its wheelbase.

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Were YOU asked any ‘illegal’ questions?

Let others know about them at the K53 Info Facebook page, and we’ll add the legislation here as necessary.

Full explanation about illegal questions.

Lodge a Complaint

from K53 – Additional Legislation To Know to K53 Test Info Home Page

Non-legal Test Questions

Lodge a Complaint

Via SAIDI:

The Southern African Institute of Driving Instructors (SAIDI) has been making represenations to National Government for a long time, on behalf of the public.

E-mail: info@saidinational.org

Tel: 012 998 3910 / 082 683 9292

 

Were you affected?

If you had such non-syllabus questions when you wrote your test, post about it on our Facebook page to help others, but be sure to complain to the above contact as well.

 

 

 

 

 

‘Illegal’ Questions?

For a full explanation or invalid (‘illegal’) test questions, click here

 

 

 

 

Lodge a Complaint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lodge a Complaint

 

 

 

 

 

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